Revised CBSE Syllabus 2021 for Class 12 Physics

Revised CBSE Syllabus 2021 for Class 12 Physics

CLASS XII (2020-21) (THEORY)


Time: 3 hrs.                                                                                                Max Marks: 70


No. of Periods Marks
Unit–I Electrostatics  






Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields
Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance
Unit-II Current Electricity  


Chapter–3: Current Electricity
Unit-III Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism  





Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism
Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter
Unit-IV Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents  


Chapter–6: Electromagnetic Induction
Chapter–7: Alternating Current
Unit–V Electromagnetic Waves  





Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves
Unit–VI Optics  


Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments
Chapter–10: Wave Optics
Unit–VII Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter  





Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
Unit–VIII Atoms and Nuclei  


Chapter–12: Atoms
Chapter–13: Nuclei
Unit–IX Electronic Devices  





Chapter–14:  Semiconductor           Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits
Total 118 70





Unit I:         Electrostatics                                                                                 23 Periods


Chapter–1: Electric Charges and Fields


Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s law-force between two-point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field.

Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet


Chapter–2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance


Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor.


Unit II:        Current Electricity                                                                           15 Periods


Chapter–3: Current Electricity


Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity; temperature dependence of resistance.

Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells  in series and in parallel, Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications, Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge(qualitative ideas only)

Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for



comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell(qualitative ideas only)

Unit III:       Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism                          16 Periods Chapter–4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment.


Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop.


Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. Straight and toroidal solenoids (only qualitative treatment), force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.



Chapter–5: Magnetism and Matter


Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements.

Unit IV:           Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents                    19 Periods


Chapter–6:  Electromagnetic Induction


Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s laws, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual induction.


Chapter–7: Alternating Current


Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits

AC generator and transformer.




Unit V:        Electromagnetic waves                                                                       2 Periods Chapter–8: Electromagnetic Waves

Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their Transverse nature (qualitative ideas only).

Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses.

Unit VI:       Optics                                                                                                  18 Periods


Chapter–9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments


Ray Optics: Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction of light through a prism.

Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.



Chapter–10: Wave Optics


Wave optics: Wave front and Huygen’s principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum

Unit VII:      Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter                                                  7 Periods Chapter–11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light.



Experimental study of photoelectric effect


Matter waves-wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation


Unit VIII:   Atoms and Nuclei                                                                                  11 Periods


Chapter–12: Atoms


Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.


Chapter–13: Nuclei Composition and size of nucleus Nuclear force

Mass-energy relation, mass defect, nuclear fission, nuclear fusion.



Unit IX:       Electronic Devices                                                                                7 Periods


Chapter–14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only) Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; Special purpose p-n junction diodes: LED, photodiode, solar cell.






Theory (Class: XI/XII)

Maximum Marks: 70                                                                                       Duration: 3 hrs.


S Typology of Questions Total




1 Remembering: Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers.

Understanding: Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting,

giving descriptions, and stating main ideas

27 38 %
2 Applying: Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a

different way.

22 32%
3 Analysing : Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations

Evaluating :

Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria.


Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions.

21 30%
Total Marks 70 100

Practical: 30 Marks Note:

  1. Internal Choice: There is no overall choice in the paper. However, there will be at least 33% internal
  2. The above template is only a sample. Suitable internal variations may be made for generating similar templates keeping the overall weightage to different form of questions and typology of questions same.

Revised CBSE Syllabus 2021 for Class 12 Mathematics