Revised CBSE Syllabus 2021 for Class 11 Accountancy

Revised CBSE Syllabus 2021 for Class 11 Accountancy

Accountancy (Code No.055)

Course Structure

Class-XI (2020-21)


Theory: 80 Marks                                                                                                                      3 Hours

Project: 20 Marks


Units Periods Marks
Part A: Financial Accounting-1
Unit-1: Theoretical Framework 25 12
Unit-2: Accounting Process 90 40
Part B: Financial Accounting-II
Unit-3: Financial Statements of Sole Proprietorship from Complete and

Incomplete Records

40 20
Unit-4: Computers in Accounting 05 08
Part C: Project Work 15 20




Unit-1: Theoretical Frame Work


Units/Topics Learning Outcomes
Introduction to Accounting

·         Accounting- concept, objectives, advantages and limitations, types of accounting information; users of accounting information and their needs. Qualitative Characteristics of Accounting Information. Role of Accounting in Business.

·         Basic Accounting Terms- Business Transaction, Capital, Drawings. Liabilities (Non Current and Current). Assets (Non Current, Current); Fixed assets (Tangible and Intangible), Expenditure (Capital and Revenue), Expense, Income, Profit, Gain, Loss, Purchase, Sales, Goods, Stock, Debtor, Creditor, Voucher, Discount (Trade discount and Cash Discount)

After going through this Unit, the students will be able to:

·         describe the meaning, significance, objectives, advantages and limitations of accounting in the modem economic environment with varied types of business and non-business economic entities.

·         identify / recognise the individual(s) and entities that use accounting information for serving their needs of decision making.

·         explain the various terms used in accounting and differentiate between different related terms like current and non-current, capital and revenue.

·         give examples of terms like business transaction, liabilities, assets, expenditure

and purchases.


Theory Base of Accounting

·         Fundamental accounting assumptions: GAAP: Concept

·         Business Entity, Money Measurement, Going Concern, Accounting Period, Cost Concept, Dual Aspect, Revenue Recognition, Matching, Full Disclosure, Consistency, Conservatism, Materiality and Objectivity

·         System of Accounting. Basis of Accounting: cash basis and accrual basis

·         Accounting Standards: Applicability in IndAS

·         Need of IFRS

·         Goods and Services Tax (GST): Characteristics and Objective.

·         explain that sales/purchases include both cash and credit sales/purchases relating to the accounting year.

·         differentiate among income, profits and gains.

·         state the meaning of fundamental accounting assumptions and their relevance in accounting.

·         describe the meaning of accounting assumptions and the situation in which an assumption is applied during the accounting process.

·         explain the meaning and objectives of accounting standards.

·         appreciate that various accounting standards developed nationally and globally are in practice for bringing parity in the accounting treatment of different items.

·         acknowledge the fact that recording of accounting transactions follows double entry system.

·         explain the bases of recording accounting transaction and to appreciate that accrual basis is a better basis for depicting the correct financial position of an enterprise.

·         Understand the need of IFRS

·         Explain the meaning, objective and characteristic of GST.


Unit-2: Accounting Process


Units/Topics Learning Outcomes
Recording of Business Transactions

·         Voucher and Transactions: Source documents and Vouchers, Preparation of Vouchers, Accounting Equation Approach: Meaning and Analysis, Rules of Debit and Credit. (Traditional and Modern Approach)

·         Recording of Transactions: Books of Original

After going through this Unit, the students will be able to:

·         explain the concept of accounting equation and appreciate that every transaction affects either both the sides of the equation or a positive effect on one item and a negative

effect on another item on the same side of


Entry- Journal

·         Special Purpose books:

·         Cash Book: Simple, cash book with bank column and petty cashbook

·         Purchases book

·         Sales book

·         Purchases return book

·         Sales return book

Note: Including trade discount, freight and cartage expenses for simple GST calculation.

·         Ledger: Format, Posting from journal and subsidiary books, Balancing of accounts


Bank Reconciliation Statement:

·         Need and preparation

Depreciation, Provisions and Reserves

·         Depreciation: Concept, Features, Causes, factors

·         Other similar terms: Depletion and Amortisation

·          Methods of Depreciation:

i.  Straight Line Method (SLM)

ii.   Written Down Value Method (WDV)

Note: Excluding change of method

·         Difference between SLM and WDV; Advantages of SLM and WDV

·         Accounting treatment of depreciation

i.  Charging to asset account

ii.   Creating provision for depreciation/accumulated depreciation account

iii.   Treatment for disposal of asset

·         Provisions and Reserves: Difference

·         Types of Reserves:

i.  Revenue reserve

ii.   Capital reserve

iii.   General reserve

iv.   Specific reserve

v.   Secret Reserve

accounting equation.

·         explain the effect of a transaction (increase or decrease) on the assets, liabilities, capital, revenue and expenses.

·         appreciate that on the basis of source documents, accounting vouchers are prepared for recording transaction in the books of accounts.

·         develop the understanding of recording of transactions in journal and the skill of calculating GST.

·         explain the purpose of maintaining a Cash Book and develop the skill of preparing the format of different types of cash books and the method of recording cash transactions in Cash book.

·         describe the method of recording transactions other than cash transactions as per their nature in different subsidiary books .

·         appreciate that at times bank balance as indicated by cash book is different from the bank balance as shown by the pass book / bank statement and to reconcile both the balances, bank reconciliation statement is prepared.

·         develop understanding of preparing bank reconciliation statement.

·         appreciate that for ascertaining the position of individual accounts, transactions are posted from subsidiary books and journal proper into the concerned accounts in the ledger and develop the skill of ledger posting.

·         explain the necessity of providing depreciation and develop the skill of using different methods for computing depreciation.

·         understand the accounting treatment of providing depreciation directly to the concerned asset account or by creating

provision for depreciation account.


·         Difference between capital and revenue reserve

Accounting for Bills of Exchange

·         Bill of exchange and Promissory Note: Definition, Specimen, Features, Parties.

·         Difference between Bill of Exchange and Promissory Note

·         Terms in Bill of Exchange:

i. Term of Bill

ii. Accommodation bill (concept)

iii. Days of Grace

iv.  Date of maturity

v.  Discounting of bill

vi. Endorsement of bill

vii. Bill after due date

viii. Negotiation

ix. Bill sent for collection

x.  Dishonour of bill

·          Accounting Treatment

Note: excluding accounting treatment for accommodation bill


Trial balance and Rectification of Errors

·         Trial balance: objectives and preparation

(Scope: Trial balance with balance method only)

·         Errors: types-errors of omission, commission, principles, and compensating; their effect on Trial Balance.

·         Detection and rectification of errors; preparation of suspense account.

·         appreciate the method of asset disposal through the concerned asset account or by preparing asset disposal account.

·         appreciate the need for creating reserves and also making provisions for events which may belong to the current year but may happen in next year.

·         appreciate the difference between reserve and reserve fund.

·         acquire the knowledge of using bills of exchange and promissory notes for financing business transactions;

·         understand the meaning and distinctive features of these instruments and develop the skills of their preparation.

·         state the meaning of different terms used in bills of exchange and their implication in accounting.

·         explain the method of recording of bill transactions.

·         state the need and objectives of preparing trial balance and develop the skill of preparing trial balance.

·         appreciate that errors may be committed during the process of accounting.

·         understand the meaning of different types of errors and their effect on trial balance.

·         develop the skill of identification and location of errors and their rectification and preparation of suspense account.


Part B: Financial Accounting – II

Unit 3: Financial Statements of Sole Proprietorship


Units/Topics Learning Outcomes
Financial Statements

Meaning, objectives and importance; Revenue and Capital Receipts; Revenue and Capital Expenditure;

After going through this Unit, the students will be able to:

·         state the meaning of financial statements the


Deferred Revenue expenditure.

Trading and Profit and Loss Account: Gross Profit, Operating profit and Net profit. Preparation.

Balance Sheet: need, grouping and marshalling of assets and liabilities. Preparation.

Adjustments in preparation of financial statements with respect to closing stock, outstanding expenses, prepaid expenses, accrued income, income received in advance, depreciation, bad debts, provision for doubtful debts, provision for discount on debtors, Abnormal loss, Goods taken for personal use/staff welfare, interest on capital and managers commission.

Preparation of Trading and Profit and Loss account and Balance Sheet of a sole proprietorship with adjustments.


Incomplete Records

Features, reasons and limitations.

Ascertainment of Profit/Loss by Statement of Affairs method.

·         purpose of preparing financial statements.

·         state the meaning of gross profit, operating profit and net profit and develop the skill of preparing trading and profit and loss account.

·         explain the need for preparing balance sheet.

·         understand the technique of grouping and marshalling of assets and liabilities.

·         appreciate that there may be certain items other than those shown in trial balance which may need adjustments while preparing financial statements.

·         develop the understanding and skill to do adjustments for items and their presentation in financial statements like depreciation, closing stock, provisions, abnormal loss etc.

·         develop the skill of preparation of trading and profit and loss account and balance sheet.

·         state the meaning of incomplete records and

their uses and limitations.


Unit 4: Computers in Accounting


Units/Topics Learning Outcomes
·         Introduction to computer and accounting information system {AIS}: Introduction to computers (elements, capabilities, limitations of computer system)

·         Automation of accounting process: meaning


(i)   The scope of the unit is to understand accounting as an information system for the generation of accounting information and preparation of accounting reports.

(ii)   It is presumed that the working knowledge of any appropriate accounting software will be given to the students to help them learn basic accounting

operations on computers.

After going through this Unit, the students will be able to:

·         state the meaning of a computer, describe its components, capabilities and limitations.

·         state the meaning of accounting information system.

·         appreciate the need for use of computers in accounting for preparing accounting reports.

·         develop the understanding of comparing the manual and computerized accounting process and appreciate the advantages and limitations of automation.



Part C: Project Work (Any One)

  1. Collection of source documents, preparation of vouchers, recording of transactions with the help of
  2. Preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement with the given cash book and the pass book with twenty to twenty-five
  3. Comprehensive project of any sole proprietorship business. This may state with journal entries and their ledgering, preparation of Trial balance. Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet. Expenses, incomes and profit (loss), assets and liabilities are to be depicted using pie chart / bar




It is suggested to undertake this project after completing the unit on preparation of financial statements. The student(s) will be allowed to select any business of their choice or develop the transaction of imaginary business. The project is to run through the chapters and make the project an interesting process. The amounts should emerge as more realistic and closer to reality.


Specific Guidelines for Teachers

Give a list of options to the students to select a business form. You can add to the given list:


1. A beauty parlour 10. Men’s wear 19. A coffee shop
2. Men’s saloon 11. Ladies wear 20. A music shop
3. A tailoring shop 12. Kids wear 21. A juice shop
4. A canteen 13. A Saree shop 22. A school canteen
5. A cake shop 14. Artificial jewellery shop 23. An ice cream parlour
6. A confectionery shop 15. A small restaurant 24. A departmental store
7. A tyre repair shop 16. A sweet shop 25. A flower shop
8. A dry cleaner 17. A grocery shop 26. A gift shop
9. A stationery shop 18. A shoe shop 27. A photostat shop


After selection, advise the student(s) to visit a shop in the locality (this will help them to settle on a realistic amounts different items. The student(s) would be able to see the things as they need to invest in furniture, decor, lights, machines, computers etc.


A suggested list of different item is given below.

  1. Rent Wages and Salary
  2. Advance rent [approximately three months] Newspaper and magazines
  3. Electricity deposit Petty expenses
  4. Electricity bill Tea expenses
  5. Electricity fitting Packaging expenses
  6. Water bill Transport
  7. Water connection security deposit Delivery cycle or a vehicle purchased
  8. Water fittings Registration
  9. Telephone bill Insurance
  10. Telephone security deposit Auditors fee
  11. Telephone instrument Repairs & Maintenance
  12. Furniture Depreciations
  13. Computers Air conditioners
  14. Internet connection Fans and lights
  15. Stationery Interior decorations
  16. Advertisements Refrigerators
  17. Glow sign Purchase and sales
  18. Rates and Taxes


At this stage, performas of bulk of originality and ledger may be provided to the students and they may be asked to complete the same with the help of computers.


In the next step the students are expected to prepare the trial balance and the financial statements.




Suggested Question Paper Design Accountancy (Code No. 055) Class XI (2020-21)

Theory: 80 Marks                                                                                                                      3 hrs.

Project: 20 Marks


S N Typology of Questions Marks Percentage
1 Remembering and Understanding:

Exhibit memory of previously learned material by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts, and answers.

Demonstrate understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions, and stating main ideas







3 Applying: Solve problems to new situations by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques and rules in a different way.  




4 Analysing, Evaluating and Creating:

Examine and break information into parts by identifying motives or causes. Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations.

Present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas, or quality of work based on a set of criteria.

Compile information together in a different way by combining elements in a new pattern or proposing alternative solutions.









TOTAL 80 100%


Accountancy (Code No. 055)